Through his own efforts, he learnt English, along with Western philosophy, history and contemporary politics. Azad committed himself to Gandhi’s ideals, including promoting Swadeshi indigenous products and the cause of Swaraj Self-rule for India. State University of New York Press. Reflections on India in the Twenty-first Century. He also criticised Muslim politicians for focusing on communal issues before the national interest and rejected the All India Muslim League ‘s communal separatism. Upon his release, Azad returned to a political atmosphere charged with sentiments of outrage and rebellion against British rule. Numerous institutions across India have also been named in his honour.
I am indispensable to this noble edifice and without me this splendid structure is incomplete. Jinnah and the League’s separatist agenda was gaining popular support amongst Muslims. I want a free account. He will ever remain fresh in the memory of his countrymen. At the Congress session in Guwahati , Azad endorsed Gandhi’s call for dominion status for India within a year. Indian Muslims and Partition of India. Azad spent the final years of his life focusing on writing his book India Wins Freedom , an exhaustive account of India’s freedom struggle and its leaders, which was published in
He became the youngest President of the Indian National Congress in Retrieved 23 July The Khilafat struggle had also peaked with the defeat of the Ottoman Empire in World War I and the raging Turkish War of Independencewhich had made the caliphate’s position precarious. Rajendra Prasad to make the rebellion as effective as possible. Retrieved 1 January Azad’s tomb is located next to the Jama Masjid in Delhi.
Azad was wary and sceptical of the idea, aware that India’s Muslims were increasingly looking to Jinnah and had supported the war. Samaz me nahi ni ri tughe.
When they learnt of Gandhi holding talks with Jinnah in Mumbai inAzad criticised Gandhi’s move as counter-productive and ill-advised. Less inclined to brand the League as obstructive, Azad nevertheless joined the Congress’s vehement rejection of Jinnah’s demand that the League be seen exclusively as the representative of Indian Muslims.
Most Popular Post [Last 30 Days]. He was in the revolutionary movement from his earliest youth. In the end, Azad became convinced that decisive action in one form or another had to be taken, as the Congress had to provide leadership to India’s people and would lose its standing if it did not. For the Indian photographer, see Abul Kalam Azad photographer.
Later in his autobiography, Azad indicated Patel having become more pro-partition than the Muslim League, largely due to the League’s not co-operating with the Congress in the provisional government on any issue. India Today, special millennium issue, January Institute of Asian Studies.
Azad had been the Congress president sinceso he volunteered to resign in Retrieved 6 November A Study of the Hindu-Muslim Encounter. Azad continued to proclaim enlgish faith in Hindu-Muslim unity: I shall enlarge this orbit still further.
Azad served as president of the Unity Conference in Delhi, using his position to work to re-unite the Swarajists and the Khilafat leaders azac the common banner of the Congress. An avid and determined student, the precocious Azad was running a library, a reading room, and a debating society before he was twelve; wanted to write on the life of Ghazali at twelve; was contributing learned articles to Makhzan a literary magazine at fourteen;  was teaching abuo class of worxs, most of whom were twice his age, when he was fifteen; and completed the traditional course of study at the age of sixteen, nine years ahead of his contemporaries, and brought out a magazine at the same age.
He was inspired by Gandhiji and their principles and hence he joined Congress, Inhe served as president of congress, thus being the youngest one to hold this post.
words Essay on “Maulana Abul Kalam Azad’s contribution to Indian freedom struggle” –
Inhe was arrested again due to his involvement as a part of Quit India Movement. Outside news and communication had been largely prohibited and completely censored.
Although frustrated at their incarceration and isolation, Azad and his companions attested to feeling a deep satisfaction at having done their duty to their country and people. With the onset of World War Ithe British stiffened censorship and restrictions on political activity.
Although his proposal was overwhelmingly rejected, Azad and a few others agreed that Gandhi and the Congress had not done enough. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikiquote.
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Biography
Short Essay on ‘Diwali’ or ‘Deepawali’ Words. He always supported the cause of Hindu-Muslim unity and opposed the demand for a separate Muslim state of Pakistan. Newer Post Older Post Home. While Gandhi and others expressed scepticism ialam this clause, Azad argued that Jinnah’s demand for Pakistan would be buried and the concerns of the Muslim community would be assuaged. Not sure about the answer?
Short Essay on ‘Mahatma Gandhi’ Words.