Rhode Island International Film Festival. You make valid points on the advantages and disadvantages of the use of case studies. Notify me of new comments via email. In several of their publications, the scientists acknowledged the influence that Jean Marc Gaspard Itard’s study of Victor of Aveyron had on their research and testing. Being able to form an attachment to another person, in this case the other twin rather than a caregiver, may have protected them from some of the negative effects of privation. But all in all case studies can be extremely useful within the field of Psychology.
An advantage of using case studies is that it provides a great deal of information on a certain area of study, often for specific and rare cases. Victim of severe child abuse and research subject in language acquisition. Davis also theorised that it was due to this intensive training that Isabella saw greater results in gaining functions compared to Anna. In some of the homes she was physically abused and harassed, and her development regressed severely. American Journal of Sociology.
When Genie was born there appeared to be some evidence that she might be retarded. Following her discovery she was adopted by psychologists who researched her at the same time as giving her intensive help in developing language skills, teaching her to walk, and trying to educate her.
Additionally, his mother gave him a feminine first name, which made him the target of constant derision. Her subsequent living arrangements became the subject of rancorous debate. Genie’s father mostly grew up in orphanages in the American Pacific Northwest. At around the same time Curtiss began her work, doctors reevaluated Genie on the Leiter scale and measured her on the Stanford—Binet Intelligence Scalewhich placed her estimated mental age between a 5- and 8-year-old with a very high degree of scatter.
However, both groups of children were less successful than the control children at forming peer relationships, and both groups also tended to seek far more adult attention and approval than the control children did. When Genie’s father reached adulthood, he changed his first name to one which was more typically masculine, and his mother began to spend as much time with him as she could.
Privation Case Study – Genie
Her circumstances are prominently recorded in xase annals of linguistics and abnormal child psychology. I think that case studies are highly important for psychological practise. True they cannot be generalised to a wider population nor are they ethically replicable.
During the later part of Genie’s stay at the hospital, she also started engaging in physical play with adults, and eventually began to enjoy giving and receiving hugs. Indications are that Genie’s father beat her if she vocalized, and he barked and growled at her like a dog in order to keep her quiet. They could not determine the extent of her expressive or receptive vocabulary at any point before Januaryand therefore did not know whether she had acquired any or all of these words during the preceding two months.
To hold this case study up as an example as how case studies are not scientific, reliable, valid or ecological however would be unfair on the majority of case studies. Extreme Social Isolation of a Child. On the same day Genie went back to the hospital, the Riglers had Genie transferred to their home in Los Feliz.
Privation Case Study – Genie – Revision Cards in A Level and IB Psychology
Scholastically, from a state prication profound disability they caught up with age peers and achieved emotional and intellectual normality. Her father, or when coerced, her brother, spooned food into her mouth as quickly as possible, and if she choked or could not swallow fast enough the person feeding her rubbed her face in her food.
The children were fed, clothed and kept warm, but the vast majority had never experienced any form of sensitive care on an emotional level. However it could be argued that they treated her unethically by using her as a research subject instead of simply giving her the love and caring she needed.
Doctors found it extremely difficult to test or estimate Genie’s mental age or any of her cognitive abilities, but on two attempts they found Genie scored at the level of a month-old. It is a shame that case studies take so long, yet the rich and detailed information that they produce really do seem to be worth the wait, as well as the money. Trying to create these circumstances would be very unethical but naturally observing rare circumstances is progressive. As with every research method case studies have their positives and negatives, however I feel that their benefits outweigh the negatives, therefore they should not be discredited.
Case Study of Genie (the feral child) by on Prezi
On rare occasions he allowed Genie to play with plastic food containers, old spools of thread, TV Guides with many of the illustrations cut out, and the raincoats. Outside of the linguistics aspect of research David Rigler did not clearly define any parameters for the scope of the study, and both the extremely high volume and incoherence of the research team’s data left the scientists unable to determine the importance of much of the information they collected.
She quickly started petitioning to have Genie taken out of the home, but Curtiss said that both she and social services had a difficult time contacting John Miner, only succeeding after several months. This suggests that the effects of privation can be overcome if an attachment is henie within the first 6 months, but after 6 months the negative effects tend to be more permanent.
The twins lost their mother shortly after birth, and were cared for by a social agency for a year, and then fostered by a maternal aunt for a further six months.
In mid-August, California authorities informed Butler they had rejected her application for foster custody. Archived from the original on September 14, Within a few months of therapy, she had advanced to one-word answers and had learned to dress caee. So as much as case studies are vital in the progression of psychology, They are as rarely useful as the extraordinary and unique cases that sometimes present themselves in people like phineus gage, Clive Wearing etc.
Upon determining that Genie had not yet learned language, linguists saw Genie as providing an opportunity to gain further insight into the processes controlling language acquisition skills and to test theories and hypotheses identifying critical periods during which humans learn to understand and use language.